Technically speaking, there''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s no "APA style bibliography." A traditional bibliography is a list of all the sources consulted while you research and write. Some people use the term "bibliography" more loosely, however, to mean the list of works cited in an article. You should provide a list of the works you directly cite in an APA-formatted paper. APA style calls this list a references page.
APA (American Psychological Association) documentation is used in scientific research papers. Because Internet technology is constantly changing, so is the APA documentation style for information published on the Net. The purpose of this Web page is to provide you with the most up-to-date information about APA style for documenting electronic sources. (To document other sources, please see our handbooks, or check the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.) On this page, you will also find links to the pages of a sample APA research paper.
Important : If you print out the entries listed below, be sure to double-check all spacing against the following guidelines:
The American Psychological Association''''''''''''''''s (APA) method of citation is one of the most widely used styles for writing scientific and research papers, particularly in fields like psychology, sociology, business, economics, and medicine. This style can seem intimidating, but it’s mostly a matter of dividing your paper into the right sections and following basic formatting guidelines. Give your paper a strong intro, then follow up with the methods, results, and discussion sections. Include references, an abstract, and any relevant tables or figures, and you’re good to go!
If you are taking a psychology class, it is very likely that your instructor will ask you to write an APA paper at some point. What exactly is an APA paper? It is simply a written paper that follows APA format , the official writing format of the American Psychological Association.
If you’ve never written an APA paper before, the formatting rules and guidelines can seem daunting and difficult at first.
Learn how you can help APA advocate for psychology-informed federal policy and legislation, and support psychological research.
The introduction of an APA-style paper is the most difficult to write. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad (but not too broad!) and gets more focused toward the end. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction:
Include an apparatus section if you used specialized equipment for your study (e.g., the eyetracking machine) and need to describe it in detail.
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th edition (APA Manual) is kept behind the IRC Desk on the Ground Floor.
This example is based on the APA style guide, but your instructor might give you other formatting instructions .